One of the most popular autoimmune disease is Psoriasis. It usually causes dry, red, scaly patches and flakes to appear on the skin.
The resulted rash often goes away for a short time, then it flares up again. Some studies say that maybe the immune system is mistakenly producing skin cells too quickly.
Psoriasis usually affects men and women equally and begins at any age.
Let’s know more about its symptoms, causes and home remedies:
The main symptoms of psoriasis are:
There are many symptoms of Psoriasis which may be mild or severe including:
1- Red, flaky, crusty patches.
2- Silvery scales that shed easily covering the patches.
3- Intense itching and burning.
4- Psoriasis covers less than 3 percent of the body if it is mild.
5- Psoriasis affects between 3 and 10 percent if it is moderate
6- Psoriasis covers over 10 percent of the body if it is severe
7- It affects any part of the body, but mainly the scalp, lower back, knees and elbows.
In general, statistics show that 80 percent of people with psoriasis have mild one, and the rest have moderate to severe psoriasis.
There are many popular forms of psoriasis, including:
1- Plaque psoriasis
It is the most popular type as 80 to 90 percent of people suffer from it.
raised, inflamed, red lesions.
Silvery, white scales cover them.
Appear on the elbows, knees, scalp, and lower back.
2- Inverse psoriasis
Lesions are red and without the scale associated with plaque psoriasis.
They appear smooth and shiny in the armpits, the groin, under the breasts.
It can also appear on other skin folds like around the genitals and the buttocks.
Avoid the irritation resulted from rubbing and sweating, as it can also affect the genital area.
3- Erythrodermic psoriasis
Erythrodermic psoriasis can mainly affect large parts of the body surface with a fiery redness.
Lesions are not clearly defined.
Exfoliation, or shedding of the skin.
Severe itching, and pain.
Losing protein and fluid loss which can also lead to severe illness.
Edema, or swelling due to the fluid retention especially around the ankles.
Unregulated temperature, and this can cause shivering.
The infected person may have to spend time in the hospital.
4- Guttate psoriasis
This problem often starts in childhood or young adulthood.
Small, red, individual spots on the skin.
These spots are less thickness and crusty than the lesions in plaque psoriasis.
Triggered upper respiratory infections, streptococcal infections, tonsillitis, stress, injury to the skin, and drugs.
5- Pustular psoriasis
Pustular psoriasis affects adults more than children.
White pustules, or blisters.
Affects the hands and feet, or most of the body. It is not an infection or contagious.
6- Psoriatic arthritis
More than 40 percent of people who have psoriasis, have joint inflammation with symptoms of arthritis. This case is called psoriatic arthritis.
Inflammation and progressive damage to the joints.
Appears for people between the ages of 30 to 50 years.
Psoriasis has been linked to depression, a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and other health conditions.
Causes and risk factors
Psoriasis is usually considered an autoimmune disease, so it takes place when a problem occurs with the immune system.
When a trigger causes the T cells to change their behaviour, they fight each others instead of fighting an infection or healing a wound. As a result, this action produces chemicals that cause inflammation.
We don’t know what really triggers this reaction, but stress and anxiety, injuries to the skin, infections, and hormonal changes play a major role in such reactions.
6 Home Remedies for Treating Psoriasis
There is no specific treatments to treat Psoriasis, but there are some known treatments to control it like medicines and home remedies.
In most cases, home remedies can be helpful, but you need to also consult your doctor to combine these home remedies with medications. Therefore, talk with your doctor as psoriasis must also be tracked to avoid any progressing in the symptoms.
1- Exposure to sunlight
Psoriasis can be treated by the help of the sun’s UVB rays.
Ensure the exposure of the infected area to sunlight, as this will improve the appearance of skin.
Make sure to expose yourself to the sun gradually and for short periods of time to avoid any additional problem.
Stop exposing yourself to sunlight and consult your doctor if you get sunburnt.
2- Fish oil or omega-3 fats
Studies showed that that Omega-3 fatty acids, which is usually found in fish and fish oil supplements, is capable of reducing inflammation and improve autoimmune diseases.
Therefore, you can consume Omega-3 fatty acids to treat psoriasis, which is both inflammatory and autoimmune.
Buy fish oil supplements from stores and pharmacies, or increase the amount of fish in your diet.
3- Olive oil
Put some olive oil on the infected area, but avoid rubbing the area to avoid worsening the case.
4- Lowering Stress
You can lower stress by doing some yoga, or other kinds of meditation or both.
5- Balanced Diet.
Make sure to follow a balanced diet and maintain a healthy weight to strengthen your immune system.
6- Food Triggers.
Check which food may trigger your psoriasis and avoid eating them.