Measles: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

Measles, which is also known as rubeola or morbilli, is a highly infectious illness caused by the rubeola virus.
This endemic disease is found in our communities since hundreds of years and still till today; however, its severity can be less if the affected one has already got the vaccination

Vaccination is the reason behind saving million of lives who were affected by measles around the world. Furthermore, The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that approximately 2.6 million people (who are not vaccinated against measles) die because of this disease every year.

Fast facts on measles

Here are some key points about measles:

– Measles is a highly infectious condition.
– Scientists have identified 21 strains of the measles virus.
– It takes 1 to 3 weeks for the measles virus to establish itself.
– You have to take the vaccination to reduce the effects of the symptoms of measles.
– Measles is an infection caused by the rubeola virus.

Symptom measles

Measles has many serious symptoms including fever which can be either mild or severe,

in addition to some of the followings:

1- coryza, or runny nose
2- conjunctivitis
3- dry hacking cough
4- conjunctivitis, watery eyes or swollen eyelids and inflamed eyes
5- Generalized body aches

6- Photophobia, or sensitivity to light
7- Sneezing
8- Reddish-brown rash: appears after 3 days of the initial symptoms and lasts for over a week.
9- Koplik’s spots: small grayish-white spots with bluish-white centers, they appear in the mouth, insides of cheeks, and throat.

10- Rash: starts behind the ears, spreads over the head and neck then reach spreads to the rest of the body, including the legs.
The fever can reach 40.6 degrees Centigrade. Additionally, it can stay high for several days, or keep rising and falling.

Causes measles
Measles is caused by infection with the rubeola virus, it lives in the mucus of the nose and throat of the infected person. It strikes children and adults.

Complications
There are many common complications for measles including:

  • diarrhea
  • vomiting
  • eye infection
  • febrile seizures
  • respiratory tract infections including laryngitis and bronchitis
  • difficulty breathing
  • ear infections, and some time permanent hearing loss.
  • Bacterial pneumonia, which could be fatal if not treated.

Prevention
In general, everyone must consider taking the vaccine against measles.

People who have already had measles are unlikely to get it again as they are normally immuned.

Here are the top 10 home remedies for measles:

There are few effective home remedies to treat measles including:
1. Neem Leaves

Neem, also known as Indian lilac, is very useful to relieve the itching resulted from the rash due to its effective antibacterial and anti-allergenic properties.

Treatment:

Grind some leaves of fresh neem to make it like a paste.

Put the paste on the affected skin area.

Leave it till it dry on its own.

Rinse it off with lukewarm water.

To get the best results, do this process once daily for two weeks.
Or

Soak some neem leaves in water.

Put the water on fire or under the sun for several hours.

Wash your skin with the water to benefit from its soothing effect on your skin.

Follow this remedy once or twice a day for two weeks.

2.Olive Leaf

The leaves of the olive tree can also be another natural treatment against measles due to its antimicrobial and antiviral properties. Their effective properties can help in killing the virus which causes measles.

Furthermore, it helps in the healing process due to its antioxidant effects.

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Treatment:

Grind a few olive leaves to make a thick paste.
Put this paste on the affected skin area.

Leave it on till it dry or for half an hour.
Rinse the area with lukewarm water.
To get the best results, do this process twice a day for two weeks.

3.Bitter Gourd

To combat most of the symptoms of measles, use bitter gourd or bitter melon.

It has superb antioxidant properties as well as many nutrients and vitamins which are capable of boosting immunity and speed up the healing process including vitamin C, zinc, iron, potassium and dietary fiber.

Treatment:

Use one fresh bitter gourd

Extract its juice.
Make a mixture of a tablespoon of the juice with a teaspoon of honey and one-half teaspoon of turmeric powder.
Consume this mixture twice a day for two to weeks.

4.Barley

Barley is extremely beneficial to treat the skin irritation and itching as it is packed with vitamin C, antioxidants and minerals.

Additionally, it is rich of zinc which speeds up the healing process.
Treatment:
Make a mixture of one cup of barley plus three cups of water.
Boil the mixture.

Simmer the mixture on low heat till it is reduced to half.
Put it aside till it cool, then strain it.
You can add some salt and sugar for taste.
For best results, drink at least 2- 3 glasses of this solution daily for about a month.

5.Turmeric

Since hundreds of years, people are using turmeric to treat measles and reduce its symptoms. It is a beneficial ingredient with antiseptic as well as antioxidant properties.

Treatment:
Add one tablespoon of turmeric powder and one teaspoon of honey to a glass of lukewarm milk.

Drink 2 glasses of this mixture twice a day for a month.
Or

Grind equal amounts of tamarind seeds and turmeric root( try 200gram of each).

Consume this mixture three times a day for 2- 3 weeks
Or

Mix one-half teaspoon of turmeric with a few drops of bitter gourd juice and of honey.

For better results, eat the mixture at Thrice a day for about a month.

6.Coconut Water

Coconut water is rich in antioxidants that help in promoting a fast recovery from measles and its symptoms. Plus, it has several nutrients and vitamins which are capable of cleansing the body of toxic elements.
Coconut water can keep your body hydrated so you don’t develop fatigue due to the less amount of energy.

 

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Treatment:
Drink more than at least 3 glasses of coconut water a day till you recover completely.

Note: The above home remedies can help your body to recover from measles, but you also have to consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Notice that all the symptoms will last for 7- 10 days, then disappear.