What is the cause of systemic lupus erythematosus?

What is systemic lupus erythematosus?

The role of the  immune system in the body is to fight off dangerous infections and bacteria in order to maintain a healthy body.

Moreover, an autoimmune disease occurs when the cells of the immune system attacks other cells in the body due to confusing them for something foreign. The body may be hit by many autoimmune diseases, including Psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and many others.
Let’s know more about Lupus, its symptoms causes and remedies.

Symptoms of Lupus Erythematosus

Symptoms are many, and they range between mild and severe ones. Common symptoms include:
– Severe fatigue
– Joint pain and swelling
– Mild or severe headaches
– Hair falling

– Anemia

– Butterfly rash: a rash on the cheeks and nose
– blood-clotting problems
– Raynaud’s phenomenon: fingers turning white or blue and tingling when cold

Lupus symptoms may vary according to  the part of the body which the disease is attacking, including the digestive tract, the heart, or the skin.

The diagnosis of Lupus is tricky as its symptoms are similar to many other diseases, so you need to consult your doctor and make some tests to make an accurate diagnosis.

Causes of of Lupus Erythematosus

There is no exact cause of LE, but doctors suspect that some several factors have been associated with the disease, including:

1- Genetics
Although this disease isn’t linked to a certain gene, but in general most people with lupus have at least one family member with other autoimmune conditions.

2- Environment
There are many environmental triggers which can cause Lupus Erythematosus including:

Ultraviolet rays due to the excessive exposure to sunlight.
Certain medications and drugs.
Several kinds of viruses and bacteria.
Physical or emotional stress
Trauma
Sex and hormones

Notice that more than 50% of the victims of SLE are women. Additionally, during pregnancy and menstrual periods, women experience more severe symptoms, which lead us to conclusion that the female hormone estrogen may be playing a major role in causing SLE. However, this conclusion is not 100% accurate yet.

Diagnosis of Lupus Erythematosus

To diagnose this problem, your doctor must do several physical examinations and tests to recognize any of the typical signs and symptoms of lupus, including:

Butterfly rash, such as a malar or other sun sensitivity rashes.
Occurrence of mucous membrane ulcers in the mouth or nose.
Swelling or tenderness of the small joints of the hands, feet, knees, and wrists which is also called arthritis.
Hair loss or thinning.
Murmurs, rubs, irregular heartbeats or other signs of cardiac or lung involvement,.
Furthermore, although there is no specific test to diagnostic SLE, doctors usually make screenings to come to an informed diagnosis including blood tests( antibody tests and a complete blood count), a urinalysis and a chest X-ray. He may also refer you to a rheumatologist to check soft tissues or joints disorders and autoimmune diseases.

Treatments

Like many other diseases, SLE has no cure, but the doctors can give certain treatments to ease the symptoms. Such treatment usually depend on whether the symptoms are mild or severe and which parts of the body are affected. These treatments may include:

Anti-inflammatory medications: to reduce joint pain and stiffness.
Steroid creams: to treat rashes.
Corticosteroids: to minimize the immune response)
Antimalarial drugs: to treat skin and joint problems.
Disease modifying drugs or targeted immune system agents: to treat some serious, complicated cases
Minimizing the stress.

Talk with your doctor about your diet and lifestyle habits. Your doctor might recommend eating or avoiding certain foods and minimizing stress to reduce the likelihood of triggering symptoms.

Complications

If SLE is not treated, It may cause some extra damages or complications in systems throughout your body. Such complications may include:
A heart attack a stroke, inflammation of the heart, or pericarditis.
Blood clots and inflammation of blood vessels or vasculitis.
Memory changes, behavioral changes and seizures
Inflammation of lung tissue and the lining of the lung, or pleuritis
decreased kidney function, kidney inflammation or kidney failure
Additional pregnancy complications and even miscarriage.

Top 6 Home Remedies to treat lupus

After consulting your doctor and being sure that you suffer from lupus, you can use some home remedies just as an adjunct treatment which your medicines. So try these top 6 home remedies for lupus:

1. Turmeric

Turmeric has an incredible, active ingredient called curcumin capable of preventing and treating the inflammatory many autoimmune diseases including lupus.

Treatment:
Turmeric milk remedy for lupus is a daily drink to treat lupus.
Put one teaspoon of turmeric powder in one cup of milk then put it on heat till it boils.

Add a little raw honey to sweeten it.

To get the best results, drink this mixture once or twice a day.
Or

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Consume this herb in supplement form after consulting your doctor (you should take 400 to 600 mg, 3 times a day).
Consult your doctor before using this treatment as turmeric may not be good for those having gallbladder problems and it may act like a blood-thinner as well.

2. Ginger

Among all its amazing benefits, ginger is considered another superb spice capable of treating lupus with arthritic symptoms due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. it also help relieve joint pain and swelling.
Treatment:
Use ginger in your cooking.

Or

Make a juice by adding 1-inch piece of fresh ginger root to fresh fruit and vegetable juices.
Or

Take ginger supplements, but consult your doctor for proper dosage and suitability.

3.Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Some small studies have found that many symptoms of lupus and problems in the blood flow and blood vessel function can be treated by the eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) which is found in omega-3 fatty acids.
Treatment:
Include foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids in your diet.

Eat salmon, sardines, mackerel, tuna and herring; ground flaxseeds; chia seeds, walnuts and other cold-water fish.
Or

Consume fish oil supplements.

4.Probiotics

Probiotics are commonly known as beneficial gut bacteria which play a key role in immune system development.

They also treat lupus and reduce flare-up frequency.
Treatment:
Eat yogurt with live cultures, acidophilus milk, kefir, miso, tempeh and sauerkraut and other cultured and fermented foods which are rich in probiotics.
Or

Consume probiotic supplements.

5.Exercise

Doing exercises can improve health and treat many problems including lupus.

Treatment:
Walk, run, swim, cycle, stretch, do jogging and other low-impact exercises for 30 minutes a day.

Gentle range-of-motion exercises, low-impact aerobics or water aerobics daily give the same benefits as they are not likely to put pressure on your joints.
However, make sure to begin slowly and do not overexert yourself.

6. Vitamin D

Doctors recommend good amount of vitamin D to people suffering from autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and lupus.
Treatment:
Consume fortified milk, egg, salmon cheese, egg yolks, mushrooms and tofu and other food which are rich in

vitamin D.
Or

Take vitamin D3 supplements.

And

Stay from some minutes daily to get some vitamin D.

Thank You