Diabetes Stage 1 is a popular problem since a long time.
Before the 1970s, many studies were made concerning diabetes till finally WHO and the National Diabetes Data Group produced a new diagnostic criteria and managed a new system for classifying diabetes mellitus in the late 1970s. These new results brought order to a chaotic situation in which nomenclature varied and diagnostic criteria showed enormous variations using different oral glucose loads.
Then ADA expert group (the American Diabetes Association) was convened to discuss all these results.
All the recommendations and conclusions about diabetes and its types were similar.
So let’s know what did they discover:
What is diabetes ?
Simply when your body is unable of processing food properly to use as energy, then you have diabetes.
In general, our body turns most of the food we eat into glucose ( sugar) and use it as energy. The glucose is distributed to the parts of the body by a special hormone called insulin and secreted by the pancreas (an organ that lies near the stomach)
Thus, having diabetes means that your body suffer from one of the following problems:
Either your pancreas is not making enough insulin or your body is not able to use its own insulin as well as it should.
The results here are dangerous as all the sugar will build up in your blood. For this reason, many refer to diabetes as “sugar.”
Consequences of diabetes
Diabetes can cause many serious health problems including:
- heart disease.
- kidney failure
- lower-extremity amputations
Additionally, diabetes is the seventh fatal disease in the United States.
Types of Diabetes:
There are two main types of diabetes:
Mainly, most cases of people with diabetes type 1 declared that they got it in childhood, although it can occur at any age.
Statistics showed that this kind of diabetes accounts for 5-10% only of all diabetes in the United States.
The main cause of this diabetes is not identified yet; however, it appears to be a genetic component to diabetes.
This type is much more common and accounts for 90-95% of all diabetes. It primarily affects adults; however,
recently it has begun developing in children. Notice that there is a strong correlation between diabetes, physical inactivity and obesity.
What are the symptoms of diabetes stage 1
People who think they might have diabetes must visit a physician for diagnosis, as they might
have SOME or NONE symptoms, while others may have the following symptoms:
• Frequent urination
• Excessive thirst
• Unexplained weight loss
• Extreme hunger
• Sudden vision changes
• Tingling or numbness in hands or feet
• Feeling very tired much of the time
• Very dry skin
• Sores that are slow to heal
• More infections than usual
Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pains.
Home remedies to treat Diabetes stage 1
Although this type is dangerous as it has no cure and needs consulting your doctor, you can try these home remedies to control it:
1- Spread carbohydrate throughout the day
We all know that carbohydrates affects blood sugar levels, so you have to limit your carbohydrate intake and spread it throughout the day.
2- Take insulin
If you have Diabetes type 1, then your pancreas is no longer producing insulin; therefore, you need to take insulin injections every day.
3- Ginger, Cumin, Cinnamon and honey
These three plants are the best solution for diabetes as they showed remarkable effects in decreasing the amount of sugar in blood.
Put one tablespoon of cinnamon, cumin, ginger and honey in a glass of hot water and leave them for 5 minutes then drink them.
Drink this mixture at least once a day.
4- Check your blood sugar often
Diabetes is not a simple problem so you have to test your blood sugar level several times a day.
5- Exercise regularly
You have to make exercises for at least least 2½ hours a week. It is not a problem as you just have to be active 30 minutes a day, at least 5 days a week.
Make sure to exercise safely and drink enough water before, during, and after the exercise.
6- Take care of your feet
Many foot problems are caused by diabetes, so make sure to maintain a daily foot care to prevent any additional problems.
7- Limit alcohol
Limiting the amount of alcohol you drink is essential to control diabetes.
According to the American Diabetes Association, women with diabetes can drink only drink a day and men with diabetes can drink 2 drinks a day.
One drink is 12 fl oz (0.4 L) of beer, 5 fl oz (0.2 L) of wine, or 1.5 fl oz (44.4 mL) liquor.
8- Do not smoke
If you have type 1 diabetes, then you are at risk of having a lot of problems in your body.Additionally, smoking can only make most of these problems worse. It can increase the risk of having heart and blood vessel disease, raise the cholesterol and make it harder for your body to heal.
9- Learn more
You have to read more about Diabetes to learn how to treat your high or low blood sugar quickly.
How to count your carbohydrates?
There are two effective counting methods to
monitor the carbohydrate intake, Check them:
- Counting carbohydrate servings:
Standard servings of foods in the starch/bread, fruit and milk groups are considered to be approximately equal in carbohydrate value (1 serving = approximately 15 g carbohydrate). Carbohydrate values are obtained from food lists and nutrition labels. For example, a teen who eats 2 pieces of toast (2 carbs) with margarine and 1 cup of milk (1 carb) for breakfast is eating a 3 carb breakfast. If pre meal insulin is calculated on the basis of units of short acting insulin per carb and the teen’s dose is 1 unit/1 carb, the insulin dose would be 3 units to cover the carbohydrate in this breakfast.
- Counting grams of carbohydrate:
The specific carbohydrate gram value for all foods eaten is determined, thus increasing the accuracy of the carbohydrate count. For example, if the breakfast is equal to approximately 45 g carbohydrate (3 carbohydrate servings x 15 g/serving = 45 g total carbohydrate). However, if the bread is actually 20 g/slice and the milk is 12 g/cup, the carbohydrate intake is 52 g. If the same teen is taking 1 unit/15 g carbohydrate, the insulin dose would be 3.5 units for this breakfast instead of 3 units.